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CAIRNS & REGION

Essentials ~ Islands ~ Northern Beaches ~ Regional Towns

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CAIRNS

Cairns
Great Barrier Reef Holidays - Cairns

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Cairns Australia is the sunny garden city where The Great Barrier Reef meets the Wet Tropics Rainforest, with mountain backdrops and the gulf savannah not too far away. The Cairns water front boasts a world class marina and wharf used by visiting cruise liners, yachts and tour vessels. Cairns City is situated in the Northern end of Tropical Queensland Australia. Cairns is a modern City with a good location to explore some of Australia's vast array of flora and fauna. With a magnificent Casino.  This region is alive with more activities than you will ever have time for. 

FOUNDED 
Cairns was first founded in 1876 and used as a port for inland goldfields. 
POPULATION
The population of Cairns & Region is a approximately 130,000.

Cairns also has a cultural character and is diverse. From Cairns and beyond you will find flourishing Aboriginal cultures both traditional and contemporary. "Cairns Australia" has all the essentials of a modern city and boasts a vast variety of Cairns accommodation choices from Cairns to Northern Beaches, the islands and regional towns. From budget hostels accommodation to luxury 5 star hotels and resorts style accommodations The activities and attractions are numerous. Reef Cruises, Outback adventure safaris tours, rainforest day trips, snorkelling, scuba diving tours, bungy, parachuting, white water rafting, hot air balloon tours, white water rafting tours and more

There are great guided tours from Cairns You can be picked up from your Cairns accommodation or beach accommodation an taken on a guide tour to see kangaroos, crocodiles, emus, koalas, go marlin game fishing, visit Green Island, Fitzroy Island, Double Island, Lizard Island, Port Douglas, Atherton Tableland, Daintree, Cairns city, Northern Beaches, Palm Cove, Clifton Beach, Trinity Beach, accommodation in cairns and the beaches, The Great Barrier Reef, The Wet Tropics Rainforest Australia & Far North North Queensland Australia. Also list Port Douglas Accommodation and Mossman accommodation far North Qld.

On Captain James Cook first Voyage of Discovery in June 1770, he sailed the North Queensland coast aboard the Endeavour. He was the first noted European to visit the site of the now Cairns City location. This was not an easy task for the Captain as the Great Barrier Reef is one of the most difficult waterways to navigate. The Endeavour ran aground on a coral reef, sustaining serious damage. The crew managed to get themselves to shore near a river mouth which was later name the Endeavour River in a little place now called Cooktown.

There ship was repaired and the eventually found their way out of the Great Barrier Reef. After navigating the passage through Papua New Guinea, they finally made it home to England.

Due to Australia's harsh conditions & Cairns tropic environment, it took some 100 years later for the earlier arrives to settle in. Cairns was not officially recognised until 1876.
The discovery of gold by the early explorers in the North Queensland region, started a thriving community.

The gold rush started on the banks of the Palmer River in 1872 East of Cooktown approximately 370km 
northwest of Cairns. As news of the gold spread, more and more people where lured to the area.

The city of Cairns was named after Queensland's first Irish born Governor, Sir William Wellington Cairns. The city area was covered in dense rainforest and mangrove lined sandy bank. The first surveyed street in Cairns City was the Esplanade in 1876.


Cairns was chosen as the starting point for a railway that serviced the Atherton Tableland taking up workers and supplies and bringing back tin and timber.